The Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Project
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Facilitated by Schuyler Erle, Humanitarian Open Streetmap Project
Schuyler will share stories of humanitarian applications of the OpenStreetMap project.
Open Street Maps w/ Schuyler, works for SimpleGEO.com
- OSM enjoys public domain info from US Census and US Geological Survery
- OSM allows individuals to update or create, update & edit maps.
- Haiti project (see OSM wiki on Haiti)
- Crowdsourcing and use for crisis management
- Like wikipedia for crowd data, OSM wikipedia for mapping data.
- Started in 2004,
- Most users outside of US
- Process of OSM: Collecting data, annotating, making it available
- Physical contact with world to collect information using tagging, keywords, etc.
- A little chaotic when tagging/keywords are personally used with regards to crowdsourcing
- Ability to map areas of the map that are not currently mapped, mapping incognita.
- Crowdsourcing ables people to fill in historic information and other particulars that wouldn't normally be included in public domain or even proprietary maps.
- In Haiti, earthquake crisis:
- Not a stable form of law so infrastructure and regulations are lacking.
- 1/3-1/2 of buildings was destroyed.
- With OSM, a user can manually trace out using its internal editor areas that are not mapped to offer a rendering to start with.
- Organization began on a wiki page that provided other resources to help fill in the blanks.
- Using OSM, a user can notate specifics that will show up on traditional GPS.
- Ushahidi "Mission 4636" (crisis text messaging) used OSM in the backend for mapping.
- Swiftriver, project of Ushahidi
- OpenLayers was used as underlying visual client for both OSM and Ushahidi
- Gaia, iPhone app, allows offline mapping
- Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team http://hot.openstreetmap.org uses OSM works on crisis management using maps and to tell stories about the situation
- MapKibera.org: informal in Nairobi project; builds capacity and map their communities to tell stories about what is going on in those areas.
- Wikimapia.org, used more for points of interest
- OSM is released under OpenCommons Share-Alike licensed
- Clients: Java OpenStreetMap client; Android project emerging.